What is dependent and independent clause with examples?

About Transcript. An independent clause is a sentence that has a subject and a verb and requires no extra information to understand. Dependent clauses, which start with subordinating conjunctions such as “while,” “that,” or “unless,” give background information but cannot stand on their own as sentences.

What is the example of dependent clause?

After Aidan returned from his fishing trip, he took a long nap. (After Aidan returned from his fishing trip is a dependent clause. It contains the subject Aidan and the verb returned. The clause does not express a complete thought and cannot stand on its own as a sentence.)

What are the 3 types of dependent clauses?

What are the three types of dependent clauses?
  • Adverbial Dependent Clauses.
  • Relative Dependent Clauses.
  • Noun Dependent Clauses.

What are the 3 types of clauses?

There are three main types of dependent clauses: relative, noun, and adverbial.

Relative Clause

  • It will contain a subject and a verb.
  • It will begin with a relative pronoun or relative adverb.
  • The relative clause will function as an adjective, answering questions about the noun, such as: ‘Which one?’

What is an example of a clause?

(A clause functions as an adjective, an adverb, or a noun.) A clause contrasts with a phrase, which does not contain a subject and a verb.

Clause.

Anna sings when she wakes up. (This is a clause. It has a subject (“she”) and a verb (“wakes up”).)
in the morning. (This is a phrase. There is no subject and no verb.)

How do you identify a dependent clause?

The types of dependent clauses are: Noun Clauses. Adverbial Clauses. Adjective (Relative) Clauses.

Adverbial Clauses

  1. Condition: if, unless.
  2. Reason: because, since, as.
  3. Time: before, after, while, as soon as, when, since, until.
  4. Purpose: in order to, so that.
  5. Concession: although, though, even though, while, whereas.

What is a dependent clause in grammar?

A dependent clause is a group of words that contains a subject and verb but does not express a complete thought. A dependent clause cannot be a sentence. Often a dependent clause is marked by a dependent marker word.

What words start dependent clauses?

To identify the difference between these two clauses, look for two types of signal words that often start a dependent clause: subordinating conjunctions and relative pronouns.

How many dependent clauses can a sentence have?

A COMPLEX SENTENCE has one dependent clause (headed by a subordinating conjunction or a relative pronoun ) joined to an independent clause.

What is the dependent clause in this sentence?

A dependent clause is a group of words with a subject and a verb. It does not express a complete thought so it is not a sentence and can’t stand alone. These clauses include adverb clauses, adjective clauses and noun clauses.

How do you tell if a sentence is independent or dependent?

According to the Purdue OWL, an independent clause is “a group of words that contains a subject and verb and expresses a complete thought.” A dependent clause is “a group of words that contains a subject and verb but does not express a complete thought.”

Do you need a comma between two independent clauses?

(Note: You can use a comma between independent clauses only if you also use a coordinating conjunction.) Thus, it can separate two independent clauses by itself; a comma cannot separate two independent clauses unless it is followed by a coordinating conjunction (FANBOYS).

How do you join independent and dependent clauses?

To combine two independent clauses (complete sentences), use a semicolon or a comma and conjunction. To attach a dependent clause, use a comma if it comes before the independent clause; use no comma if it comes after the independent clause, unless it is a “contrast word” (although, though, even though, whereas).